Aortic stenosis: surgery and catheter interventions

Aortic stenosis: surgery and catheter interventions

Aortic stenosis: aortic valve replacement (AVR) and transcatheter aortic valve implantation / replacement (TAVI / TAVR)

In the second of my series on aortic stenosis, I will summarise for you the main interventions that are used for severely ill individuals, These patients need the diseased valve to be replaced. There are two main approaches: open heart surgery and the newer techniques using catheter approaches that are far less invasive with faster recovery times. Both methods still have their place in Medicine. Open heart surgery to replace and aortic valve may have slightly better long-term outcomes but is usually unsafe in critically ill patients. So these patients are offered a slightly less effective technique but don’t get me wrong: this technique is still very effective and getting better all the time. This uses a catheter approach to replace the valve.