VO2max test

How exercise professionals can use the 2020 ESC guidelines part 1: the exercise paradox, pre-participation screening and exercise assessments; cardiometabolic disease, coronary artery disease. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZEKJVWgmih8 This is part one of a five part series on the 2020 European Society of cardiology guidelines on sports cardiology and exercising...

How exercise professionals can use the 2020 ESC guidelines: myocardial bridging, anomalous origins of coronaries, heart failure, heart transplant and valve diseases This is part two of a five part series on the 2020 European Society of cardiology guidelines on sports cardiology. Myocardial bridging is usually...

How exercise professionals can use the 2020 ESC guidelines part 3: aortopathies, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, dilated cardiomyopathy, myocarditis, congenital heart disease This is part three of a five-part series on the 2020 European Society of cardiology guidelines on sports cardiology. This topic includes summaries of exercise approaches...

How exercise professionals can use the 2020 ESC guidelines part 4: arrhythmias including atrial fibrillation and atrial and ventricular tachycardias, long QT and Brugada syndrome; implantable cardioverter defibrillators In part four of my summary of the 2020 European Society of cardiology guidelines for exercise professionals, I’ve...

Aortic stenosis: aortic valve replacement (AVR) and transcatheter aortic valve implantation / replacement (TAVI / TAVR) In the second of my series on aortic stenosis, I will summarise for you the main interventions that are used for severely ill individuals, These patients need the diseased...

Aortic stenosis for exercise professionals: estimating safe systolic blood pressures before and during exercise In the fourth part of my series on aortic stenosis for exercise professionals, I have provided a simple table that will guide you in how to work with clients with aortic stenosis...

Atrial fibrillation and exercise: what some of the literature says This post is on the topic of exercise and atrial fibrillation (AF) directed for exercise professionals and I’ll be talking about what some of the literature concerning causes and triggers of AF, including in response to...

Atrio-ventricular nodal (AVN) blocks for exercise professionals: part 1: categories of AVN blocks and indications and contraindications for exercise; case study 1 This is the first of my small series on atrioventricular nodal blocks (AVN blocks) specifically for exercise professionals and in part one of this...

Atrio-ventricular nodal (AVN) blocks for exercise professionals: part 2: categories of AVN blocks and indications and contraindications for exercise, continued; case study 2 In the second of my two part series on atrioventricular nodal blocks (AVN blocks) for exercise professionals, I have continued to summarise the...

Atrial septal defect (ASD) and patent foramen ovale (PFO) sometimes cause hypoxia and can even cause a stroke: using a haemodynamic approach to understand the physiology and its implications for exercise The topic of this blog is on atrial septal defects (ASD) and patent foramen ovale...